Cannabidiol is a natural product that comes from the cannabis plant. The plant chemical is a popular natural remedy for many diseases.
Cannabidiol is popularly called CBD, and by availability, it is the second most prevalent compound in the cannabis plant.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the dominant compound and the reason why cannabis products give a psychological ‘high.’ Compared to THC, CBD isn’t psychoactive at all, which makes CBD an appealing option for individuals suffering from some particular ailments.
CBD is produced by extracting pure CBD from the cannabis or hemp plant. Products like CBD Gummies, CBD Oil, CBD Tinctures are becoming more and more popular..
The CBD market is vast in the United States. In 2020, the total sale from CBD was roughly around five billion. By 2025, experts estimate, the CBD market could touch the market cap of 17 billion US dollars.
CBD has rapidly captured the health and wellness sector; scientific studies further solidify the claim. So, let’s see What can you gain from CBD?
1. Relief from pain:
The cannabis plant has a long history of using traditional Indian and Chinese medicine to treat pain. Scientists believe some compounds in cannabis, such as CBD and THC, are mainly responsible for providing relief from pain.
A specialized system in our body regulates some vital functions such as sleep, pain sensation, and immune response. This system is known as the endocannabinoid system (ECS).
Studies show CBD affects the ECS, due to which it may help in reducing chronic pain and inflammation.
Some research even says CBD may help in particular types of pain, such as nerve pain and joint pain. However, CBD is more powerful in pain relief when used with THC.
Sativex is an oral spray with a 1:1 combination of CBD and THC. The drug is approved in several countries to treat painful conditions in Multiple Sclerosis(MS).
A study examined the effects of Sativex in 47 people with MS for a month. After one month, the patients reported improvement in pain, ease of movement, and muscular spasms. However, there wasn’t any control group in this study, so some experts believe it might be due to the placebo effect. In another study, researchers found that CBD may provide some relief from the symptoms of rheumatic disease such as fibromyalgia.
The preclinical evidence based on rodent studies suggests CBD may also benefit pain and inflammation conditions due to arthritis.
2. May provide benefit from some mental health disorders:
Mental health disorders such as General Anxiety Disorder and PTSD have a very negative effect on overall health.
The conventional treatment of mental health disorder includes drugs such as benzodiazepines. However, these drugs have several side effects like drowsiness, irritability, irregular sleep cycle, and erectile dysfunction. Moreover, there is a high risk of dependence and substance use disorder with drugs like benzodiazepines.
In clinical studies, CBD oil effectively treated some mental health disorders. Moreover, as per experts’ opinion, CBD doesn’t possess much risk of dependence.
Researchers believe CBD can change the way the human brain reacts to serotonin. In this way, CBD helps in reducing the level of stress and anxiety.
In a study, a group of 57 men was given either 150mg, 300mg CBD, 600mg CBD before a simulated public speaking test. The individual who had received a 300mg dose performed better than the others.
In some cases, CBD is also used to treat the symptoms of PTSD, such as insomnia and anxiety in children. Similarly, a 2019 study says CBD could also reduce PTSD symptoms in adults.
Currently, research on the effects of CBD for the treatment of anxiety and depression is going on.
3. May help in some cancer-related symptoms:
Experts believe CBD has anti-cancer abilities, and it may also help fight some symptoms of cancer. Moreover, CBD may also counter the side effects of cancer treatment like pain, vomiting, and nausea.
According to a study on cancer patients resistant to pain medication, CBD and THC are more effective in cancer pain. In another review study, researchers found evidence that Sativex may help alleviate cancer pain in some people. So, this study complements the earlier mentioned study in which CBD and THC were used.
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) thinks CBD may help reduce cancer symptoms and the side effects of treatment. Yet, it doesn’t entirely endorse the use of cannabis in cancer treatment. The promising effects of CBD in cancer treatment are due to its ability to manage inflammation and cell reproduction.
In 2016, scientists found that CBD could inhibit the growth of many types of tumor cells in test tubes and animal models.
4. Neuroprotective properties:
Researchers think CBD may also provide relief to patients with neurological disorders by acting on the ECS and other signaling systems.
Epilepsy is one such disease in which researchers have gained some success by using CBD.
While Sativex can reduce muscle spasticity in patients resistant to medication, CBD oil could also reduce seizures in some epileptic cases.
In a study, scientists administered 214 patients with severe epilepsy syndrome with 0.9 to 2.3 grams of CBD per pound of body mass. The result showed a reduction in seizures by 36.5% on average. Another study found that CBD oil effectively reduces the frequency of seizures in children with Dravet syndrome compared to placebo.
The Food and Drug Administration has approved a pure CBD drug to treat severe seizure disorders based on this evidence. The drug, Epidiolex, can treat Dravet and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome.
The FDA also approved the use of Epidiolex for treating the seizures of tuberous sclerosis complex.
CBD may also help the youngsters in fighting the menace of acne. By affecting the receptor activity of the immune system, CBD oil may reduce the inflammation of the skin.
Researchers believe CBD oil can prevent the activity of sebaceous glands that produce sebum. Excessive secretion of sebum could lead to acne.
Scientists are studying the potential role of CBD in reducing the symptoms of many common health problems. However, users should note that some health benefits are not CBD alone, combined with THC.
The research is still ongoing on many alleged benefits of CBD. There is still a lot to learn about its potential uses. So, if you are thinking of trying CBD oil to manage a health condition, first check with a healthcare expert.